What is doping?
Doping is defined as the occurrence of one or more of the following anti-doping rule violations:
- Presence of a prohibited substance in an athlete’s sample
- Use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or method
- Refusing to submit to sample collection after being notified
- Failure to file athlete whereabouts information & missed tests
- Tampering with any part of the doping control process
- Possession of a prohibited substance or method
- Trafficking a prohibited substance or method
- Administering or attempting to administer a prohibited substance or method to an athlete
- Complicity in an anti-doping rule violation
- Prohibited association with athlete support personnel who has engaged in doping
Why is doping in sport prohibited?
The use of doping substances or doping methods to enhance performance is fundamentally wrong and is detrimental to the overall spirit of sport. Drug misuse can be harmful to an athlete's health or to other athletes competing in the sport. It severely damages the integrity, image and value of sport, whether or not the motivation to use drugs is to improve performance. To achieve integrity and fairness in sport a commitment from athletes and all persons involved in sport is critical.
Dangers of Doping Leaflet (available in English, French and Spanish)
Level the Playing Field Video (available in English)
As an Athlete, what do I need to know about doping?
“Every athlete has the right to clean sport”
Any athlete may be tested in -and out-of- competition at anytime, anywhere and with no advance notice.
Every athlete needs to be aware of the current List of Prohibited Substances and know his or her rights and responsibilities under the IBSF’s Anti-Doping Rules (in line with the World Anti-Doping Code). Athletes should know that, under the Code, they are strictly liable whenever a prohibited substance is found in their body. This means that a violation occurs whether or not the athlete used a prohibited substance intentionally, knowingly or unknowingly, was negligent or otherwise at fault.
Athlete Reference Guide to 2015 Code (available in English, French, Spanish and Finnish, online and printable versions)
Doping Control Video (available in English, French, Arabic, Croatian, German, Greek, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish and Swedish)
At-a-Glance: Anti-Doping (available in English, French and Spanish)
At-a-Glance: Doping Control Process (available in English, French and Spanish)
What is WADA?
What is WADA? Video
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) was established in 1999 as an international independent agency composed and funded equally by the sport movement and governments of the world. Its key activities include scientific research, education, development of anti-doping capacities, and monitoring of the World Anti-Doping Code – the document harmonizing anti-doping policies in all sports and all countries.
WADA’s vision: A world where all athletes can compete in a doping-free environment.
For more information about WADA, consult the WADA website.
The World Anti-Doping Code (the Code) is the core document that provides the framework for harmonized anti-doping policies, rules and regulations within sport organizations and among public authorities. It works in conjunction with five aimed at bringing harmonization among anti-doping organizations in various areas: Testing & Investigations (ISTI), Laboratories (ISL), Therapeutic Use Exemptions (ISTUE), Protection of Privacy and Personal information (ISPPPI), and the List of Prohibited Substances and Methods.
List of Prohibited substances
The IBSF Anti-Doping Rules are based on the Code and have been adapted to Bobsleigh and Skeleton
The aim of testing athletes is to detect and deter doping among athletes to protect the clean athletes.
Any athlete under the testing jurisdiction of IBSF may be tested at any time, with no advance notice, in- or out-of-competition. IBSF takes into account a number of factors when deciding to test an athlete or group of athletes, and tests may be organized based on general ranking, ranking during a competition, pre-determined testing pools, information received, at random (e.g. by drawing positions or names) or other by means.
What are testing pools and why are whereabouts important for clean sport?
IBSF has created testing pools as part of its out-of-competition testing program.
No advance notice, out-of-competition testing is at the core of effective doping control, and to support out-of-competition testing, certain athletes in the testing pools, such as those in the Registered Testing Pool (RTP), will be required to provide information on their whereabouts in ADAMS or SIMON.
The current IBSF RTP Lists are available at Anti-Doping in our download section.
At-a-Glance: Whereabouts (In English, French and Spanish)
Out-of-competition doping controls are an important step in strengthening athlete and public confidence in doping-free sport, as they are one of the most powerful means of deterrence and detection of doping.
How do I know if I need to provide whereabouts?
If you need to provide whereabouts in ADAMS (or SIMON) as part of an IBSF testing pool, you will be informed directly by the IBSF of your inclusion in a testing pool as well as what information exactly is required of you, how to use ADAMS, deadlines to submit this information and any consequences if the information required is not submitted.
Should you have any query on how to submit whereabouts, please contact:
Salzburger Strasse 678
AUT - 5084 Grossgmain
Tel: +43 6247 20232 21
Fax: +43 6247 20232 11
For more information about ADAMS, please consult the ADAMS section of WADA’s website.
Retirement and return to competition
If you are an International-Level Athlete (see definition below) and have an illness or condition that requires a medication containing a substance that is on the Prohibited List, you must apply to the IBSF (through the International Testing Agency) for a Therapeutic use exemptions (TUE) using the current ITA TUE form on ita.sport/tue.
You are advised not to take any prohibited substance without a valid TUE.
If the TUE is granted, you will be permitted to use the medication without committing an Anti-Doping Rule Violation during the period of validity of the TUE.
If you already have a valid TUE from your National Anti Doping Organisation, IBSF will and recognize it in the Anti-Doping Administration and Management System (ADAMS) of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) according to the IBSF Anti-Doping Rules.
You can find additional information on the TUE in general on ita.sport/tue. WADA offers also TUE Checklists for a number of diseases.
At-a-Glance: TUE (in English, French and Spanish)
International-Level Athletes Definition:
According to the IBSF Anti-Doping Rules (see Introduction) International Level Athletes are all Athletes:
a. participating in any event organized by the IBSF or where the IBSF is the ruling body for the event.
b. who are part of the IBSF Registered Testing Pool or IBSF Testing Pool.
All other athletes seeking TUEs need to contact their National Anti Doping Organisation.
For information about the status of the substance(s) you are taking, please consult the current List of Prohibited Substances with your doctor.
You may also refer to one of the following online country-specific drug reference databases.
Global Drug Reference Online (Canada, UK, US)
South African Institute for Drug-free Sport
Australian Sport Anti-Doping Agency
Drug-Free Sport New Zealand
For more information on nutritional supplements, please consult the Q&A on WADA’s website.
The long-term solution to reduce doping is through effective prevention and clean sport values-based education programs to create a strong doping-free culture. The following education resources and tools are recommended by the IBSF and are available on WADA’s website. There are tools intended for athletes, coaches, national federations, parents, managers or any other person who wishes to know more about anti-doping, which are available on WADA’s website.
ALPHA - eLearning Tool for Athletes
ALPHA is the Athlete Learning Program about Health & Anti-Doping.
Play True Quiz
WADA's Play True Quiz is an interactive computer game that tests athletes and their entourage’s knowledge about anti-doping (currently available in 36 languages).
CoachTrue is an online learning tool that enables coaches to learn more about the fight against doping, and thus to be more effective in preventing it. It provides separate platforms for elite athlete coaches and recreational sport coaches.
Play True Challenge
The Play True Generation Program encourages young people, young athletes, their coaches and support personnel to be leaders in promoting and ensuring clean sport.
Play True Challenge is a computer simulation that allows young athletes and young people in general to explore the types of decisions they may be faced with in regards to doping.
PARENTS EDUCATION AND PREVENTION
PARENTS' GUIDE TO SUPPORT CLEAN SPORT
An Anti-Doping Reference Guide/Booklet for parents seeking more information to ensure healthy athletic development and prevent the use of performance enhancing substances. This resource is relevant to parents of all levels of athletes from beginner to elite.
Parents play a key role in forming athletes’ attitudes to doping and athletes often turn to them for advice. Topics such as healthy sport cultures, nutrition, the risks of supplements, and doping risk factors are outlined, and links to websites where parents can find further useful information are suggested.
In order to protect clean athletes, the World Anti-Doping-Agency (WADA) encourages anyone who becomes aware of, or suspects, any breach of the WADA World Anti-Doping Code, to report such doping violation concerns in confidence via “SPEAK UP!” – A secure digital online platform.
IBSF Testing Statistics 2015/2016
IBSF Testing Statistics 2016/2017
IBSF Testing Statistics 2017/2018
IBSF Testing Statistics 2018/2019
WADA Anti-Doping Testing Figures for all Sports (Current & Archive)
Decisions by the IBSF Doping Panel and CAS since 2016:
Dorian Willes - August 18th 2016 - Para-bobsleigh - 12 month ineligibility
Dorian Willes - July 14th 2017 - Para-bobsleigh - CAS decision - see above
Russian Athletes in the matter of provisional suspensions - January 6th 2017 - Skeleton - IBSF Hearing Panel
Jonathan Francis - August 24th 2017 - Bobsleigh - 48 month ineligibility
Russian Athletes and Officials - December 01st 2017 - Bobsleigh and Skeleton - IBSF Hearing Panel
Tretiakov Aleksandr - Matter of requested Provisional Suspenion - December 18th 2017 - Skeleton - IBSF Hearing Panel --> Annexes to this decision
Zubkov Aleksandr - Matter of requested Provisional Suspenion - December 18th 2017 - Bobsleigh - IBSF Hearing Panel --> Annexes to this decision
CAS decision on IBSF appeal for Provisional Measures on Russian athletes - January 4th 2018
IBSF Media Release on Termination of the doping proceeding before the CAS ADD regarding Nadezhda Sergeeva - October 11th 2018
A.Kasyanov/A.Pushkarev/A.Zubkov/I.Khuzin v.IBSF - January 16th 2019
Sanction for Alexey Voevoda - February 8th 2019
Sanction for Maxim Belugin - March 15th 2019
Sanction for Jazmine Fenlator-Victorian - April 25th 2019
IBSF Hearing Panel decision for Mr Aaron Victorian III - May 23rd 2019
CAS decision on A.Kasyanov/A.Pushkarev/A.Zubkov/I.Khuzin v. IBSF et WADA v. IBSF, A.Kasyamov, A.Pushkarev, A.Zubkov, I.Khuzin - October 30th 2020