Competition manipulation is when an athlete or official cheats to remove the unpredictability of a competition. They may cheat to lose a competition or part of it, which is entirely against the sporting spirit.
Key issues related to competition manipulation include:
- A betting prohibition means that accredited persons are not allowed to bet on their competitions, disciplines or other competitions and disciplines in the Event in which it takes part.
- Inside information is all exclusive information (tactics, injuries, etc.) to which athletes, officials and support personnel have access. This information must be kept private, because it can be used for fraudulent betting purposes. Special care is needed for the social media where a lot of information can be posted and spread quickly to anyone.
- Match-fixing is normally referred to as competition manipulation related to betting. It means any improper alteration of a competition to win money through sports betting or to ensure that a bettor (who may have offered a bribe) wins their bet. Betting-related competition manipulation can affect the result of a competition, but also other minor and marginal occurrences during its course, which is often referred to as spot-fixing.
- Tanking (deliberately losing) is to gain undue sporting advantage in a competition, for instance, when athletes lose an event on purpose to play easier opponents in the next phases of the competition.
The IBSF cooperates closely with the IOC´s integrity unit. Further information and useful tools can be found here:
Why people do it?
Anyone who encounters or suspects manipulation at any time is responsible and has the obligation to speak out.
International Olympic Committee’s Integrity and Compliance Hotline